Day 2: Winnemucca and Golconda Nevada

After heading south out of Paradise Valley early, some gas station coffee at a Chevron station at the intersection of 290 and 95 was quite welcome although the clerk seemed grumpy. A short distance further south was Winnemucca and a few New Deal projects, some already that had photographs on the website but was worth seeing anyway.

Winnemucca Volunteer Fire Station

This was an interesting contrast with both Art Deco and Southwest Indian motifs. Click LINK. It was a shame that I was too early to go see the mural at the City Hall that used to be the post office. Nearby to the fire station was a very unique looking elementary school. It still had the old designation of grammar school and an architecture I’ve never seen before, likely from the 1910’s perhaps combined with early Art Deco.

Winnemucca Grammar School

After looking at a few other buildings, it was time to get breakfast and The Griddle diner in the downtown provided a sumptuous one, just right for a long journey with friendly service.

After 16 miles, I was in the small town of Golconda where the Civilian Conservation Corp. built a public corral and measuring station whose location was unknown. Since it was impossible to locate it via google satellite view, it required finding someone local to talk with. Fortunately, the post office was then open and after explaining the nature of my project, she suggested a location in the north of town. Following her instructions I did indeed find a corral past the railroad tracks, although in very bad condition and to be safe, kept going north to the next set of railroad tracks and only found a residence.

Golconda Public Weighing Station
The old Public Corral
Old shed and newer shipping container.

The lady at the post office said that the corral is still used which seems to be the case with the shipping container but, sadly, the person who owns it wasn’t around. No markers were visible to indicate the CCC origin.


Day 2: Paradise Valley Nevada to Pocatello Idaho

The second day was a good 440 miles. Unlike the first day which was planned out somewhat, this next leg of the journey was mostly following the breadcrumbs of New Deal Projects in Northern Nevada and in South Idaho as long as it got me in a north easterly direction towards Montana. After seeing as much as I could in Paradise Valley, I headed south on 290 to the gas station at the 95 intersection to grab a coffee. Headed south on 95 to stop in Winnemucca for breakfast and see some of the New Deal projects there along with a few art deco buildings. Continued east along interstate 80 to Golconda to investigate the location of a New Deal project. Continued east on I80 with my next stop in Elko to investigate the New Deal there. Continued east on I80 until I stopped in Wells Nevada for gas and coffee and then went north on the Great Basin Highway 93. Quick stop in Jackpot Nevada in order to get a photo with the Idaho sign. Continued north to Twin Falls to get a photo of a New Deal Project and get dinner. Discovered a New Deal library. Hopping on I84, I ran into problems around the 84/86 split thanks to construction, no street lights, overcast skies making it pitch black, and unclear signs requiring a few miles diversion before I could turn around and get back on 86, making it into Pocatello about midnight. Back in the 2000’s, I had petitioned to put Lyndon LaRouche on the ballot and it was amusing to see the post office I had petitioned in front for a few days. Like the previous day, I simply found a dark enough neighborhood near a New Deal project and parked for the night, sleeping in my truck.

Day 2: Paradise Valley Nevada

The last leg of the journey the first day was to Paradise Valley which was 113 miles. It was now past sunset when I left Lovelock and it seemed best to just go to Paradise Valley where a few New Deal projects were and camp there for the night. Reached there about midnight, parked next to the ranger facility and snoozed in my truck bed.

Bright and early around 6am, I was presented with the pleasant sight of the Paradise Valley Guard Station for the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest, a facility of about 6 buildings in about a block square. Click LINK

Plaque on the west side of the facility.
Rear of the facility. Storage sheds.

Because it was so early, nobody was around to talk to unfortunately. It was a pleasant start to the day though. After admiring the neat and tidy condition of the facility, I headed off to the north side of the town which is only a few blocks long. The population there is only 109! My original intention was to go north on the Hinkey Summit road but after a little study saw that it was going to turn into a narrow dirt road that would get very steep at points and with a big trailer hooked up, that would have been difficult.

CCC constructed road.

Right next to the beginning of the Hinkey Summit Road was this bridge and rubble wall construction which is usually a hallmark of the CCC and their craftsmanship, however there were no markings to indicate date of construction or who built it. The condition of the concrete used and how its weathered can usually give you a good rough indication of how old a structure is and it seems to be from around the New Deal period from my best guess.

The Micca Saloon was also at the location, and according to the E. Clampus Vitus memorial, the building is the oldest mall in Nevada, and that the CCC worked out of one of the offices in the building. Click LINK to see video of building.

The last thing to see before leaving was investigating an abandoned airfield in the south of town. This was next to the sewage ponds and was very overgrown making it almost impossible to imagine that one was there. The windsock was the only indication that an airport existed. Considering its proximity with the ranger station it might have been used by the Forest Service.

Day 1: Hawthorne to Lovelock Nevada

The next leg in the journey was the 128 miles to Lovelock where a surprise awaited. The trip was somewhat boring since there isn’t much out there except for the pervasive desert scrub and occasional gas station or fireworks store. The only notable thing I witnessed along the way was in the town of Schurz which is the reservation of the Walker River Paiute tribe. A building near the highway caught my eye and I turned around on a hunch. Turned out to be an abandoned gymnasium next to a new-ish elementary school. No markers were visible so determining the age was impossible. Construction style suggested the New Deal , but some documentation will be required. Not a single person was around unfortunately giving the town almost a ghost town feel.

Abandoned Schurz grammar school gymnasium

The town of Fallon had a couple of New Deal projects, Click Link The CCC project would have required spending a lot of time however, so that had to be skipped and driving through, I didn’t see any waterworks. After turning onto Interstate 80 in a downpour and with nightfall approaching, I managed to arrive in Lovelock. The Post office and its mural was all I intended to see although I did drive around hoping to run across a standpipe or water tower.

Lovelock Post office (courtesy of Richard Walker)
“The Uncovering of the Comstock Lode” painted in 1940 by Ejnar Hansen

While looking at the post office, I noticed an old fashioned Streamline Moderne style building over by a municipal swimming pool. Since I post pictures in the Facebook group The Streamline Moderne Era: Los Angeles in the 1930’s and 1940’s, I went over to take a look and to my surprise, it turned out to be a former elementary school built by the WPA program the National Youth Administration NYA and was currently used by the school district.

It was getting dark, and being hungry, I went in search of something to eat. However, the few restaurants in the tiny downtown were not open. There was another nice Art Deco style building.

A Safeway store was nearby luckily, so I grabbed a ready mix salad and rested for the next leg of the journey to Paradise Valley.

Day 1: Hawthorne Nevada

Once you leave Yosemite National Park on 120, you come to Lee Vining and Mono Lake. The only New Deal project of note is the second Los Angeles aqueduct which begins in the hills above Lee Vining. CLICK LINK Ate at Nicely’s Restaurant at 3rd St. which is a nice family diner experience.

Took 395 north out of Lee Vining and took a right at 167. It was 55.7 miles of empty desert until Hawthorne NV along with some rainstorms. Due to arriving around 3:30, I missed my chance to talk with someone at the historical society and museum. Thankfully the town hall was open and was able to get directions.

Even though the town has a number of New Deal projects in the area only the court house which got some repairs courtesy of the Civilian Conservation Corps, and the airport were accessible. Other projects like mountain roads and dams weren’t possible with a big trailer on my truck, or on US Army property like the Rose Creek dam. CLICK HERE

The old Mineral County courthouse constructed in 1884
Plaque courtesy of E. Clampus Vitus

Of note, next to the court house was an auditorium/gym and small school house, both in 1930’s art deco and streamline moderne style. According to the sign out front of the school, they were built in 1936. Only the gym is still in use as a youth recreation center and was full of kids. Hopefully some documentation can be located tying it to the New Deal since art deco and streamline moderne was a common style of architecture utilized by the New Deal for public buildings.

Former Hawthorne Grammar School built in 1936
1936 gymnasium used as a youth recreation center
Hawthorne Airport admin building
Hangers and a utility shed. The only old structure I saw at the airport.

Unfortunately nobody was at the airport since its unmanned. The tarmac looks to be kept in good shape though. 8 planes are based there and 34 flights go out on average day. Heading north, I managed to at least see the road up to a dam, however, it was on US army property so access wasn’t possible.

Rose Creek Rd.

Day 1: Yosemite National Park

There’s not that much to say about this internationally known park. Over the last couple of years, its certainly been a pleasure to explore and discover the many aspects of the New Deal that were involved in making the park what it is today of which you can see via the Living New Deal Click LINK . My only regret was not having the time to find the location of the Buck Meadow and Crane Flat CCC camps

Sending a birthday greeting to a niece with Half Dome in the distance.
The view from above Tenaya Lake. The road was constructed by the Bureau of Public Roads under the New Deal.
Just had to wear my FDR Legacy Club tshirt at the Tuolumne Meadow CCC memorial sign. Photographs of the former mess hall are on the Living New Deal site.
Carl Sharsmith, getting the recognition he deserves. Sacrificed a marriage because of his devotion to his Ranger duties and scientific studies. Was introduced to him by George, my coworker at the Redwoods in Yosemite and 30 year resident of Wawona.

The New Deal in Cazenovia New York

Coverage of Madison County is included. Based on articles in the Cazanovia Republican newspaper.

Cazenovia Republican

Nov 30 1933

Louis Matteson CWA administrator

applications for CWA jobs announced

“County to widen all Macadam Roads

Madison County will take advantage of the Civil Works program of the Federal Government and will widen all county macadam roads, about 230 miles to regulation width. Under this program the county pays for material and the Federal government pays for labor, 30 hours per week.”

“Right here in Madison County it is proposed to build an addition to the jail, something that has been demanded for several years by the State dept. The jail project will coast considerable for material, estimated at something like $3,000. Another county project will be laying a water main from the turnpike down to furnish water for the county buildings. But this will prove a saving to the county of approximately $500 per year when it is paid for.”

December 7th

“They are now employed on the highway just south of Peth school house, widening the banks, etc. as part of the CWA projects.

About 288 men formerly on relief rolls have been given work in the county under the CWA projects. Widening of narrow roads will be the principal work of most of the gangs. Another county project is the building of an addition to the Madison County jail at Wampsville.”

December 14th

202 register Here, Want CWA work

Capt. Cutler transferred

“Captain Stuart Cutler, who has been in charge of CCC Camp No. 31 at Chittenango Falls, has been assigned to duty at Fort Ontario. Captain James Hoffman, who was associated with Captain Cutler at Camp 31 succeeds him in charge. The camp at Chittenango Falls was moved to winter quarters at Green Lake Monday.”

December 28th

The DeRuyter Central Rural School District last week voted to bond for $145,000 to build a new school building, the vote being 371 in favor. The new building is to be erected as a part of the governments public works program. Thirty percent of the cost is being given by the government, and 25% of the remainder by the state. The balance is loaned by the government at 4%.

January 4th 1934

“Three hundred pounds of pork has been received by the government by Town Welfare Officer M.J. Burns and distributed among the CWA workers. Most of the pork was in six pound strips and was passed out, one strip to a family. More pork, also butter, eggs and beans are expected from the government for local distribution.”

January 11th

Cazenovia Central School, One of only 12 in State, Selected by CWA to Give Adult Instruction

January 8th

Federal foods Now Being Received here

Town Public Welfare Officer M.J. Burns has received notice that forty-eight pounds of butter from the Federal Food Surplus Supplies will be received in Cazanovia today and be placed in the Victory Chain Store for distribution. This is one weeks supply and must be issued within that time, according to instructions received by Mr. Burns. Within the next four weeks there also will be received canned corn beef, canned roast beef, dry beans and cereals.”

January 18th

1,040 Employed PWA and CWA In County

“A total of one thousand and thirty men and ten women have been given employment in Madison County under the PWA and CWA employment programs of President Roosevelt. These figures were announced today by Thomas O’Neil, national re-employment director for Madison County.

Of those employed outside the city of Oneida 180 are at work under the PWA and 600 men and 10 women under the CWA. In Oneida city 250 are at work”

CWA Allots $6,000 for School Grounds

“The CWA project of leveling the Brookfield Central School playground has been approved and the sum of $6,000 has been allotted for this job. It is planned to employ 60 men on the work. Supervisor Matteson has applied for two hundred more men for county projects. At present all are employed. If these are not granted, men will be taken from other projects to work on the Brookfield school job.

The school recently added a number of acres at the rear of the school to the grounds, and this is far from level. The plans call for a level field 224 yards wide and 330 yards long. The surveyyor estimates that 4,636 cubic yards of earth must be moved. Without the use of machinery it is quite an undertaking. The government will supply $6,000 for the work to furnish needed employment to the unemployed, and the school district will supply the tools: wheelbarrows, picks, and shovels. With a full quota of men, the latter would cost $172.”

February 1st

During 1933 the Red Cross chapter in Oneida made 11,045 new garments and re-made 7,133 others. These were distributed to the needy of the city. The cloth was furnished by the government and the CWA paid the women for making the garments. The Oneida Red Cross under the leadership of Mrs. Grace Hall is doing a splendid piece of work.

“The construction of the old canal bed storm water sewer at Hamilton is progressing favorably under the CWA administration. The 26 men at work are being paid at a scale of $15 per week for a full week which makes the payroll about $320. With normal weather the job will require about two months to complete, which would run the labor cost to around $4,000.”

February 15th

Total allotment of CWA funds to various projects throughout Madison County total $122,527.80, according to figures released by county superintendent Lynn Johnson, executive director of CWA work in Madison County. This money is to be used for the payment of wages to men working. Materials used in the work are purchased by the various communities where the projects are, and also by the county when the work is of a county nature. The total expenditure for materials, supplies, etc. is fixed at $42,428.91, the largest single item of which is $12,844.00 for highway work in several town and the next $9,280.60 for the Hamilton village sewer reconstruction and development.

A total of 596 men are at work on these projects with a weekly payroll of about $6,358.88. This figure is under the reduced number of working hours 15 and 24 per week.

Following is a list of the various projects with the number of workers employed and their payroll:

Location Projects Men Employed CWA funds Local Appropriation

Wampsville, Jail………………………. 10………………..$2,869.80……………….$1513.32

Canastota, streets 25 $4,150.00 614.50

Leonardsville, School Grounds 36 $8,556.00 1,220.00

Morrisville, State School 22 $3,915.00 $297.50

Chittenango, Water System 30 $4,285.20 $2374.75

Hamilton, Sewers 25 $5,719.00 $9280.60

Cazenovia,* County highways 55

Clockville,* county highways 62

DeRuyter,* county highways 36

Fyler,* county highways 51

Georgetown,* county highways 42

Kenwood,* county highways 18

Oxbow,* county highways 42

Randallsville,*county highways 43

Solsville,* county highways 57

Wampsville,* county highway 9 *$69,460.80 $12,844.00

Wampsville water extention $ 6,135.00 $ 5,779.86

Administrative 13 $ 4,415.00 $ 937.00

Chittenango, bridge 16 $ 3,018.00 $ 5,583.00

Brookfield, school grounds $ 5,940.00 $ 35.00

Canastota, St. and sewer survey 4 $ 1,650.00 $ 1,113.00

DeRuyter, school grounds $ 2,077.00 $ 472.50

CWA, Red Cross $ 473.00 $ 362.38

CWA, compensation $ 45.00

No final authorization has been yet received for the Brookfield school grounds work and its date of starting is uncertain. The DeRuyter school grounds project started Monday.

The items marked with * are all one project, county highways in various towns and the total CWA funds and county charge on these are also marked *

Director Johnson also announces that additional CWA funds amounting to $2,694 had been alloted the county for hiring trucks.

March 22nd

Wampsville will have water from the Oneida system, the plans calling for the laying of 2,200 feet of pipe line, the work to be done under the CWA


New York State will have twenty additional Civilian Conservation Corps camps to carry on work in the woods, on wild life projects and in the state parks. Following a visit to Washington, where he conferred with Robert Fechner, Director of Emergency Conservation Work, Lithgow Osborne, Conservation Commissioner, reported today to Governor Herbert H. Lehman that twenty additional camps had been alloted to this state. This is about one-fourth the number asked for. At the present time there are forty six CCC camps in New York and the additional twenty will bring the total to sixty-six, equally divided between the Conservation Department and the State parks.

Of the twenty new camps to be established in New York thirteen will be located in the state parks. Reforestation work will be the principal projects of the majority of the camps under the Conservation Department. Park improvement projects and some reforestation will be the work done in the parks.

Four camps will be located on the site of old Camp Upton at Yaphank, Long Island. This property is soon to be turned over to New York State by the Federal Government. Three of the camps will be engaged in clearing away scrub oak, planting of trees suited to that type of soil present on the island, the building of fire lines and fire breaks and construction of emergency water holes for fire fighting. The forth camp will be devoted to a game project and experimental planting area for the feeding of wild fowl.”

March 24

County Allotted 45 for Sherburne CCC

Madison County has been given an allotment of 45 men for the Civilian Conservation Corps, who will be sent to Camp 207 Sherburne.”

April 5th

County Aids TERA

Madison county supervisors, paved the way Tuesday for work and home relief going forward in the county under the new TERA set-up that became effective April 1. The TERA takes the place of the CWA which is now discontinued.

The board approved two resolutions one creating a fund of $3,750 to meet April expenses under the TERA and the other authorizing the county treasurer to borrow if necessary $3,000 a month for three months, April, May and June, so that the county can finance its 25 per cent share of costs.

The resolution was worded so that $12,000 might be borrowed for a three months period if it is needed. The federal allotment for April has been set at $15,000 for both work and home relief and cost of materials. Of this amount the federal government will pay 75 per cent.

Since $10,000 will represent work relief and $5,000 home relief, the county probably will not to spend more than $2,500 as towns coming under home relief in the past have been getting back 66 1/3 per cent and under the new set-up they will receive 75 per cent. This money when applied to what is required from the county will serve to lessen the amount necessary for it to put up.

The county will be allowed to employ 290 men, of which the town of Cazenovia is allotted 45, Fenner 7 and Nelson 9.”

April 12th

CWA Wages total $80,000 in County

“CWA operations in Madison county have resulted in distribution of more than $80,000 in wages since the program was instituted last fall, said Lynn E. Johnson. Madison highway superintendent and director of county CWA work.

The county CWA director declared that when operations under the Federal system were at their height a total of 600 men were employed regularly. This number has now been reduced to about 300 under successive CWA employment slashes.”